History of Islam

History of Islam

Brief chronology of Islam

  • 570: birth of the Prophet.
  • 609: Beginning of the revelation of the Koran and the Prophet’s mission.
  • 622: Hegira.
  • 630: conquest of Mecca.
  • 632 Death of the Prophet.
  • 632-661: period of the 4 “well-guided caliphs”.
  • 670: Appearance of Chiism.
  • 661-749: Umayyad dynasty, foundation of Kairouan in 670.
  • 711-1492: presence of Islam in Spain.
  • 749 – 1517: Abbasid dynasty, founding of Baghdad in 762.
  • 788 – 1055: Idrisside dynasty in Morocco.
  • 909 – 1171: Fatimid dynasty in Egypt. foundation of the Al-Azhar mosque-university in Cairo 969.
  • 1299-1922: Ottoman Empire. Abolition of the Ottoman Khilafat by K. Atatürk.
  • 12/25/1969: Creation of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.
  • End of the 20th century: Muslim presence in Western Europe.

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